Tuesday, July 24, 2007
Archimedes (c 287-212 BCE)
Give me a lever long enough and a fulcrum on which to place it, and I shall move the world.
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Born ca. 287 BC in Syracuse, Sicily. Killed ca. 212 BC by a Roman soldier. Studied in Alexandria, Egypt, under the followers of Euclid. His father was an astronomer named Phidias. He invented many war machines, compound pulley systems, planetarium, and possibly the water screw and water organ. In science he pioneered the fields of hydrostatics, static mechanics, and pycnometry (the measurement of the volume or density of an object). He wrote on many mathematical subjects and is generally regarded as the greatest mathematician and scientist of Antiquity.
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