Wednesday, August 1, 2007
Hieronymus Bosch (c 1450-1516)
The Dutch painters of four hundred years ago were meticulously realistic. The example I always like to use is a marvelous painting by Hieronymus Bosch titled 'The Prodigal Son'. It is a painting of a brothel, and in the corner is a man pissing against a wall. You would never, never find something like that in an Italian, French, or English painting of that epoch. The Dutch have always been more scientific, interested in detail; certainly less idealistic and more realistic. The sex scenes in 'The Fourth Man' and 'Turkish Delight' were based on real experiences I had or a friend had. It's very personal. Of course, I must admit that I love to shock audiences. - Paul Verhoeven, Director
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Hieronymus Bosch (c. 1460-1518) was a Dutch painter of the 15th century. He was a prolific painter of depictions of sin and human moral failings. He said to have been an inspiration to the surrealism movement in the 20th century. Commonly called Bosch from his birthplace Hertogenbosch, his name was actually Hieronymus van Aeken. He was probably a pupil of Albert Ouwater, and may be called the Breughel of the 15th century, for he devoted himself to the invention of bizarre types, diableries, and scenes of the kind generally associated with Breughel, whose art is to a great extent based on Bosch's. He was a satirist much in advance of his time, and one of the most original and ingenious artists of the 15th century.
He exercised great influence on Lucas Cranach, who frequently copied his paintings. His works were much admired in Spain, especially by Philip II of Spain, at whose court Bosch painted for some time. One of his chief works is the "Last Judgment" at the Berlin gallery, which also owns a little "St Jerome in the Desert." "The Fall of the Rebellious Angels" and the "St Anthony" triptych are in the Brussels museum, and two important triptychs are at the Munich gallery. The Lippmann collection in Berlin contains an important "Adoration of the Magi," the Antwerp museum a "Passion," and a practically unknown painting from his brush is at the Naples museum. [This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License and uses material adapted in whole or in part from the Wikipedia article on Hieronymus Bosch.]
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