Thursday, September 20, 2007
Felix Mendelssohn-Bartholdy (1809-1847)
These seem to me so ambiguous, so vague, so easily misunderstood in comparison to genuine music, which fills the soul with a thousand things better than words.
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Jacob Ludwig Felix Mendelssohn-Bartholdy (born February 3, 1809, died November 4, 1847) was a German composer of classical music. He was perhaps the greatest child prodigy after Mozart. Mendelssohn was born in Hamburg, the son of a banker, Abraham, who was himself the son of the famous Jewish philosopher, Moses Mendelssohn. Felix's family, however, converted to Christianity, and moved to Berlin in 1812. His sister was Fanny Mendelssohn (later Fanny Hensel), who was a well known pianist and amateur composer herself. Mendelssohn began taking piano lessons from his mother when he was six, and at seven was tutored by Marie Bigot in Paris. From 1817 he studied composition with Zelter in Berlin. He probably made his first public concert appearance at the age of nine, when he participated in a chamber music? concert. He was also a prolific composer as a child, writing his first published work, a piano quartet, by the time he was thirteen. Goethe met the young Mendelssohn and took quite a shine to him, saying to him "When I am sad, come and cheer me with your playing." Mendelssohn wrote his first symphony at the age of fifteen, and at seventeen he wrote an overture to Shakespeare's A Midsummer Night's Dream, which is probably the earliest well known work by him (he later wrote more incidental music for the play). In 1827 he saw the first production of one of his operas, Die Hochzeit des Camacho, having written several others before then. In 1830, Mendelssohn wrote the concert overture The Hebrides, otherwise known as Fingal's Cave, a piece which remains popular today. It was inspired by visits he made to Scotland around the end of the 1820s. These visits also inspired his Symphony No. 3, The Scottish Symphony, which was written intermittently between around 1830 and 1842. Mendelssohn travelled widely in Europe throughout his life, and a visit to Italy inspired one of his best known works, the Symphony No. 4, known as the Italian, the final version of which was completed in 1834. In all, Mendelssohn wrote five symphonies. He also wrote two piano concertos and a famous violin concerto which is often seen as an essential piece for young prodigies to play. As well as orchestral music, Mendelssohn wrote chamber music, including the string octet in 1825, solo piano music, including the Songs Without Words, and two large oratorios, St. Paul in 1836 and Elijah in 1846. These were greatly influenced by Johann Sebastian Bach, whose music he brought to the public's notice, it being relatively obscure at that time. In particular, a performance of Bach's St. Matthew Passion in 1829 under Mendelssohn's direction was a great success. Although Mendelssohn is not generally seen as a particularly influential composer, his works were very popular in his own lifetime, and remain so today. Mendelssohn suffered from bad health in the final years of his life, and it is said he was greatly depressed by the death of his sister Fanny in May 1847. Felix Mendelssohn died on November 4, 1847 in Leipzig. [This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License and uses material adapted in whole or in part from the Wikipedia article on Felix Mendelssohn-Bartholdy.]