Monday, October 22, 2007

Bartholomeus Spranger (1546-1611)

Flemish painter born in Antwerp, Hapsburg [now The Netherlands] on 21 March 1546. He died in Prague [now the Czech Republic] in August 1611. He worked in Paris (c.1565) at the same time as Primaticcio and Niccolo dell' Abbate, and in Rome (c.1567-75) as an assistant to Taddeo Zuccaro, and in Vienna, for the Emperor Maximilian II, in 1575. He later worked for Rudolf II in Prague, where he died. Spranger was a typical representative of late Mannerism, using numerous nude figures in unlikely attitudes to fill his compositions, which derive ultimately from Correggio and Parmigianino. The engravings of Goltzius made his works very widely known. In Haarlem, besides Goltzius, he influenced Cornelisz. and van Mander, and in Utrecht Wtewael. He is well represented in the Vienna Gallery, but there are other examples in Antwerp, Brussels, Chicago, Cleveland Ohio, London (NG), Munich, Paris and elsewhere. He influenced Aachen Johann (1552-1616), Bloemaert Abraham (1564-1651), Lis Jan (1595-1629) and Mander Karel (1548-1606). His pupils included Dach Johann (1566-1650), and Du Joncquois (c. 1606). His works include: Hermes and Athena (c. 1585), Fresco, Castle, Prague; Venus and Adonis, (1597), Oil on canvas, 163 x 104,3 cm, Kunsthistorisches Museum, Vienna; Venus and Vulcan, (c. 1610), Oil on canvas, 140 x 95 cm, Kunsthistorisches Museum, Vienna; Vulcan and Maia, (1575-80), Oil on copper, 23 x 18 cm, Kunsthistorisches Museum, Vienna. - Malaspina Biography (adapted from Web Gallery of Art)

Books from Alibris: Bartholomeus Spranger

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