Russell McNeil, PhD (Experimental Space Science and Physics) Author of
The Meditations of Marcus Aurelius, Selections Annotated and Explained
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Stoicism is based on the idealization of "nature".For the stoics (like Seneca and Marcus Aurelius), life consists in accepting your human destiny (death) and all your pains, joys, sorrows, and deceptions. This is the conection with the liberation ways of Siddharta Gautama (Buda): Man MUST learn to THINK so your spirit MAY liberate itself from nature.As a degradation of epicureism (Romans were not philosophers, but pragmatical people, like North Americans who created "pragmatism"), is based on a sad and laconic conception of existence, as those times, the Cesarians times of Caligula, Claudio and Nero (three madmen, indeed) demanded the rest of men, including the powerful men to resign to a non-existant ideal: GOD based on resignation. This is very quite Christianity: "give your other cheek to your enemy."
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