Sunday, August 5, 2007
Anton Chekhov (1860-1904)
Doctors are just the same as lawyers; the only difference is that lawyers merely rob you, whereas doctors rob you and kill you too.
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Anton Pavlovich Chekhov (January 29, 1860, Taganrog, Russia - July 14/15, 1904, Badenweiler, Germany) was a doctor and writer. He qualified as a doctor in 1884 although he rarely practised. After a successful production of The Seagull by the Moscow Art Theatre, he wrote three more plays for the same company: Uncle Vanya, The Three Sisters and The Cherry Orchard. In 1901 he married Olga Leonardovna Knipper (1870-1959), an actress who performed in his plays. Chekhov is one of the few Russian dramatists whose works are well known in western Europe. A common theme in his plays is the struggle of a sensitive individual to maintain his integrity against the temptations of worldly success.
Plays: That Worthless Fellow Platonov (c.1881) - one act; On the Harmful Effects of Tobacco (1886, 1902); Ivanov(1887) - four acts; The Bear (1888) - one act comedy; The Proposal or A Marriage Proposal (c.1888-1889) - one act; The Wood Demon (1889) -four-act comedy; The Seagull (1896); Uncle Vanya (1899-1900) - based on The Wood Demon; Three Sisters (1901); The Cherry Orchard (1904).
Nonfiction: A Journey to Sakhalin (1895), including: Saghalien [or Sakhalin] Island (1891-1895); Across Siberia; Letters.
Short Stories: Many of these were written under the pseudonym "Antosha Chekhonte". Intrigues (1879-1884) - nine stories; Late-Blooming Flowers (1882); The Swedish Match (1883); Lights (1883-1888); Oysters (1884); Perpetuum Mobile (1884); Motley Stories (PÃ«strye Rasskazy) (1886); Excellent People (1886); Misery (1886); The Princess (1886); The Scholmaster (1886); A Work of Art (1886); Hydrophobia (1886-1901); The Beggar (1887); The Doctor (1887); Enemies (1887); The Examining Magistrate (1887); Happiness (1887); The Kiss (1887); On Easter Eve (1887); Typhus (1887); Volodya (1887); The Steppe (1888); - won the Pushkin Prize; An Attack of Nerves (1888); An Awkward Business (1888); The Beauties (1888); The Swan Song (1888); Sleepy (1888); The Name-Day Party (1888); A Boring Story (1889); Gusev (1890); The Horse Stealers (1890); The Duel (1891); Peasant Wives (1891); Ward No 6 (1892); In Exile (1892); The Grasshopper (1892); Neighbours (1892); Terror (1892); My Wife (1892); The Butterfly (1892); The Two Volodyas (1893); An Anonymous Story (1893); The Black Monk (1894); The Head Gardener's Story (1894); Rothschild's Fiddle (1894); The Student (1894); The Teacher of Literature (1894); A Woman's Kingdom (1894); Three Years (1895); Ariadne (1895); Murder (1895); The House with an Attic (1896); My Life (1896); At Home (1897); Peasants (1897); In the Cart (1897); The Man in a Case, Gooseberries, About Love - the 'Little Trilogy' (1898); Ionych (1898); A Doctor's Visit (1898); The New Villa (1898); On Official Business (1898); The Darling (1899); The Lady with the Dog (1899); At Christmas (1899); In the Ravine (1900); The Bishop (1902); Betrothed or A Marriageable Girl (1903).
Novels: The Shooting Party (1884-1885). [This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License and uses material adapted in whole or in part from the Wikipedia article on Anton Chekhov.]
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